san1
surname San

san1
three; 3

strokes 3
radical
strokes after radical 2
阿三 阿三 a1 san1
(derog.) an Indian

安倍晋三 安倍晉三 an1 bei4 jin4 san1
Abe Shinzo (1954-), Japanese LDP politician, prime minister 2006-2007 and from 2012

八二三炮战 八二三砲戰 ba1 er4 san1 pao4 zhan4
bombardment of Kinmen by PRC forces that started August 23rd 1958, also called second Taiwan strait crisis

巴三览四 巴三覽四 ba1 san1 lan3 si4
to talk about this and that (idiom); to ramble incoherently

百慕大三角 百慕大三角 bai3 mu4 da4 san1 jiao3
Bermuda Triangle

半夜三更 半夜三更 ban4 ye4 san1 geng1
in the depth of night; late at night

瘪三 癟三 bie1 san1
a wretched-looking tramp who lives by begging or stealing

冰冻三尺,非一日之寒 冰凍三尺,非一日之寒 bing1 dong4 san1 chi3 - fei1 yi1 ri4 zhi1 han2
three feet of ice does not form in a single day (idiom); Rome wasn't built in a day

丙三醇 丙三醇 bing3 san1 chun2
glycerine; same as 甘油

不等边三角形 不等邊三角形 bu4 deng3 bian1 san1 jiao3 xing2
scalene triangle

不管三七二十一 不管三七二十一 bu4 guan3 san1 qi1 er4 shi2 yi1
regardless of the consequences; recklessly relying on a hopelessly optimistic forecast

不规则三角形 不規則三角形 bu4 gui1 ze2 san1 jiao3 xing2
scalene triangle (math.)

不三不四 不三不四 bu4 san1 bu4 si4
dubious; shady; neither one thing nor the other; neither fish nor fowl; nondescript

不孝有三,无后为大 不孝有三,無後為大 bu4 xiao4 you3 san1 - wu2 hou4 wei2 da4
There are three ways to be unfilial; having no sons is the worst. (citation from Mencius 孟子)

长江三角洲 長江三角洲 chang2 jiang1 san1 jiao3 zhou1
Yangtze River Delta

长江三角洲经济区 長江三角洲經濟區 chang2 jiang1 san1 jiao3 zhou1 jing1 ji4 qu1
Yangtze River Delta Economic Zone (economic region including Shanghai, Zhejiang and Jiangsu)

长江三峡 長江三峽 chang2 jiang1 san1 xia2
Three Gorges or Yangtze Gorges, namely: Qutang Gorge 瞿塘峽|瞿塘峡, Wuxia Gorge 巫峽|巫峡 and Xiling Gorge 西陵峽|西陵峡

长三 長三 chang2 san1
(old) high class prostitute

长三角 長三角 chang2 san1 jiao3
Yangtze River Delta; abbr. for 長江三角洲|长江三角洲

长三角经济区 長三角經濟區 chang2 san1 jiao3 jing1 ji4 qu1
Yangtze River Delta Economic Zone (economic region including Shanghai, Zhejiang and Jiangsu)

初三 初三 chu1 san1
third year in junior middle school

传三过四 傳三過四 chuan2 san1 guo4 si4
to spread rumors; to gossip

垂涎三尺 垂涎三尺 chui2 xian2 san1 chi3
to drool (over) (idiom); to yearn for; to covet; to crave

春秋三传 春秋三傳 chun1 qiu1 san1 zhuan4
Three Commentaries on the Spring and Autumn Annals 春秋, including Mr Gongyang's annals 公羊傳|公羊传, Mr Guliang's annals 穀梁傳|谷梁传 and Mr Zuo's annals or Zuo Zhuan 左傳|左传

雌三醇 雌三醇 ci2 san1 chun2
estriol

此地无银三百两 此地無銀三百兩 ci3 di4 wu2 yin2 san1 bai3 liang3
lit. 300 silver taels not hidden here (idiom); fig. to reveal what one intends to hide

大江健三郎 大江健三郎 da4 jiang1 jian4 san1 lang2
Oe Kenzaburo (1935-) Japanese novelist and 1994 Nobel laureate

大年三十 大年三十 da4 nian2 san1 shi2
last day of the lunar year; Chinese New Year's Eve

大三 大三 da4 san1
third-year university student

大三度 大三度 da4 san1 du4
major third (musical interval)

大三和弦 大三和弦 da4 san1 he2 xian2
major triad do-mi-so

大小三度 大小三度 da4 xiao3 san1 du4
major and minor third (musical interval)

等边三角形 等邊三角形 deng3 bian1 san1 jiao3 xing2
equilateral triangle

等腰三角形 等腰三角形 deng3 yao1 san1 jiao3 xing2
isosceles triangle

低三下四 低三下四 di1 san1 xia4 si4
servile

第三产业 第三產業 di4 san1 chan3 ye4
tertiary sector of industry

第三帝国 第三帝國 di4 san1 di4 guo2
Third Reich, Nazi regime (1933-1945)

第三方 第三方 di4 san1 fang1
third party

第三国际 第三國際 di4 san1 guo2 ji4
see 共產國際|共产国际

第三纪 第三紀 di4 san1 ji4
third period; tertiary (geological era since the extinction of the dinosaurs at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary 65 million years ago)

第三季度 第三季度 di4 san1 ji4 du4
third quarter (of financial year)

第三声 第三聲 di4 san1 sheng1
third tone in Mandarin; falling-rising tone

第三十 第三十 di4 san1 shi2
thirtieth

第三世界 第三世界 di4 san1 shi4 jie4
Third World

第三位 第三位 di4 san1 wei4
third place

地三鲜 地三鮮 di4 san1 xian1
dish consisting of stir-fried potato, eggplant and green pepper

第三者 第三者 di4 san1 zhe3
sb who is romantically involved with sb already in a committed relationship; the other woman; the other man; third person; third party (in dispute); disinterested party; number three in a list

第三状态 第三狀態 di4 san1 zhuang4 tai4
"third state", borderline state between health and disease

颠三倒四 顛三倒四 dian1 san1 dao3 si4
confused; disorderly; incoherent

丢三落四 丟三落四 diu1 san1 la4 si4
forgetful; empty-headed

东方三博士 東方三博士 dong1 fang1 san1 bo2 shi4
the Magi; the Three Wise Kings from the East in the biblical nativity story

东华三院 東華三院 dong1 hua2 san1 yuan4
Tung Wah Group of Hospitals (Hong Kong)

东三省 東三省 dong1 san1 sheng3
the three provinces of Northeast China, namely: Liaoning Province 遼寧省|辽宁省, Jilin Province 吉林省 and Heilongjiang Province 黑龍江省|黑龙江省

二氯异三聚氰酸钠 二氯異三聚氰酸鈉 er4 lv4 yi4 san1 ju4 qing2 suan1 na4
sodium dichloroisocyanurate

21三体综合症 21三體綜合症 er4 shi2 yi1 san1 ti3 zong1 he2 zheng4
trisomy; Down's syndrome

泛珠江三角 泛珠江三角 fan4 zhu1 jiang1 san1 jiao3
the Pan-Pearl river delta (economic zone including the 5 provinces around Guangzhou and Hong Kong)

泛珠三角 泛珠三角 fan4 zhu1 san1 jiao3
Pan-Pearl River delta; The nine provinces of Southern China around Guangzhou and the Pearl River delta; South China

抚远三角洲 撫遠三角洲 fu3 yuan3 san1 jiao3 zhou1
Bolshoi Ussuriisk Island in the Heilongjiang or Amur river, at mouth of the Ussuri River opposite Khabarovsk; same as Heixiazi Island 黑瞎子島|黑瞎子岛

富不过三代 富不過三代 fu4 bu4 guo4 san1 dai4
wealth never survives three generations (idiom)

甘油三脂 甘油三脂 gan1 you2 san1 zhi1
triglyceride

甘油三酯 甘油三酯 gan1 you2 san1 zhi3
triglyceride

隔三差五 隔三差五 ge2 san1 cha4 wu3
every few days (idiom)

隔三岔五 隔三岔五 ge2 san3 cha4 wu3
see 隔三差五|隔三差五

肱三头肌 肱三頭肌 gong1 san1 tou2 ji1
triceps brachii (back of the upper arm)

公司三明治 公司三明治 gong1 si1 san1 ming2 zhi4
club sandwich

勾三搭四 勾三搭四 gou1 san1 da1 si4
to make hanky-panky; to seduce women

管他三七二十一 管他三七二十一 guan3 ta1 san1 qi1 er4 shi2 yi1
who cares; no matter what; regardless of the consequences

横三竖四 橫三豎四 heng2 san1 shu4 si4
in disorder; in a tremendous mess

话到嘴边留三分 話到嘴邊留三分 hua4 dao4 zui3 bian1 liu2 san1 fen1
A still tongue makes a wise head. (idiom)

黄脚三趾鹑 黃腳三趾鶉 huang2 jiao3 san1 zhi3 chun2
(bird species of China) yellow-legged buttonquail (Turnix tanki)

黄石公三略 黃石公三略 huang2 shi2 gong1 san1 lve4
“Three Strategies of Huang Shigong”, also known as Taigong Bingfa 太公兵法, one of the Seven Military Classics of ancient China 武經七書|武经七书, variously attributed to Jiang Ziya 薑子牙|姜子牙, Huang Shigong 黃石公|黄石公 or an anonymous author

火冒三丈 火冒三丈 huo3 mao4 san1 zhang4
to get really angry

货比三家 貨比三家 huo4 bi3 san1 jia1
to comparison shop (idiom); comparison shopping

货比三家不吃亏 貨比三家不吃虧 huo4 bi3 san1 jia1 bu4 chi1 kui1
shop around first and you won't get ripped off (idiom)

货问三家不吃亏 貨問三家不吃虧 huo4 wen4 san1 jia1 bu4 chi1 kui1
see 貨比三家不吃虧|货比三家不吃亏

几次三番 幾次三番 ji3 ci4 san1 fan1
lit. twice then three times (idiom); fig. repeatedly; over and over again

建三江 建三江 jian4 san1 jiang1
Jiansanjiang, large-scale agricultural development in Sanjiang river plain in Heilongjiang

狡兔三窟 狡兔三窟 jiao3 tu4 san1 ku1
lit. a crafty rabbit has three burrows; a sly individual has more than one plan to fall back on (idiom)

接二连三 接二連三 jie1 er4 lian2 san1
one after another (idiom); in quick succession

金背三趾啄木鸟 金背三趾啄木鳥 jin1 bei4 san1 zhi3 zhuo2 mu4 niao3
(bird species of China) common flameback (Dinopium javanense)

金三角 金三角 jin1 san1 jiao3
Golden Triangle (Southeast Asia)

金泳三 金泳三 jin1 yong3 san1
Kim Young-sam (1927-), South Korean politician, president 1993-1998

九三学社 九三學社 jiu3 san1 xue2 she4
Jiusan Society, one of the eight political parties of the CPC

举一反三 舉一反三 ju3 yi1 fan3 san1
to raise one and infer three; to deduce many things from one case (idiom)

开三次方 開三次方 kai1 san1 ci4 fang1
cube root; to extract a cube root

狂三诈四 狂三詐四 kuang2 san1 zha4 si4
to deceive and swindle across the board (idiom)

莱齐耶三世 萊齊耶三世 lai2 qi2 ye1 san1 shi4
Letsie III of Lesotho

老三篇 老三篇 lao3 san1 pian1
Lao San Pian, three short essays written by Mao Zedong before the PRC was established

老三色 老三色 lao3 san1 se4
the three plain colors used for clothing in the PRC in the 1960s: black, gray and blue

礼拜三 禮拜三 li3 bai4 san1
Wednesday

连三并四 連三併四 lian2 san1 bing4 si4
one after the other; in succession (idiom)

两岸三地 兩岸三地 liang3 an4 san1 di4
China, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau (media term used esp. since 1997)

两面三刀 兩面三刀 liang3 mian4 san1 dao1
two-faced, three knives (idiom); double-cross; double dealing and back stabbing

林三趾鹑 林三趾鶉 lin2 san1 zhi3 chun2
(bird species of China) common buttonquail (Turnix sylvaticus)

六韬三略 六韜三略 liu4 tao1 san1 lve4
"Six Secret Strategic Teachings" 六韜|六韬 and "Three Strategies of Huang Shigong" 三略, two of the Seven Military Classics of ancient China 武經七書|武经七书, attributed to Jiang Ziya 薑子牙|姜子牙

陆海空三军 陸海空三軍 lu4 hai3 kong1 san1 jun1
army, navy, air force

马三家 馬三家 ma3 san1 jia1
Masanjia town in Yuhong District 于洪區|于洪区 in Liaoning, known for its labor camp where Falun Gong practitioners etc are believed to have been detained and tortured

马三立 馬三立 ma3 san1 li4
Ma Sanli (1914-2003), Chinese comedian

毛邓三 毛鄧三 mao2 deng4 san1
Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory & the Three Represents; abbr. for 毛澤東思想|毛泽东思想, 鄧小平理論|邓小平理论 and 三個代表|三个代表

湄公河三角洲 湄公河三角洲 mei2 gong1 he2 san1 jiao3 zhou1
Mekong River delta

明十三陵 明十三陵 ming2 shi2 san1 ling2
the Ming tombs (mausoleum park of the Ming emperors in Changping district of Beijing)

莫三比克 莫三比克 mo4 san1 bi3 ke4
Mozambique (Tw)

南三角座 南三角座 nan2 san1 jiao3 zuo4
Triangulum Australe (constellation)

年三十 年三十 nian2 san1 shi2
last day of the lunar year; Chinese New Year's Eve

帕斯卡三角形 帕斯卡三角形 pa4 si1 ka3 san1 jiao3 xing2
Pascal's Triangle (math.)

偏三轮 偏三輪 pian1 san1 lun2
old-style cycle with lateral third wheel and passenger seat

偏三轮摩托车 偏三輪摩托車 pian1 san1 lun2 mo2 tuo1 che1
motorbike with sidecar

拼命三郎 拼命三郎 pin1 ming4 san1 lang2
brave man, willing to risk his life

其三 其三 qi2 san1
thirdly; the third

乾嘉三大家 乾嘉三大家 qian2 jia1 san1 da4 jia1
Three great poets of the Qianlong and Jiaqing era (1735-1820), namely: Yuan Mei 袁枚, Jiang Shiquan 蔣士銓|蒋士铨 and Zhao Yi 趙翼|赵翼

前三甲 前三甲 qian2 san1 jia3
top three

钱三强 錢三強 qian2 san1 qiang2
Qian Sanqiang

染色体三倍体症 染色體三倍體症 ran3 se4 ti3 san1 bei4 ti3 zheng4
trisomy

绕梁三日 繞梁三日 rao4 liang2 san1 ri4
reverberates around the rafters for three days (idiom); fig. sonorous and resounding (esp. of singing voice)

人有三急 人有三急 ren2 you3 san1 ji2
(jocularly) to need to answer the call of nature

入木三分 入木三分 ru4 mu4 san1 fen1
written in a forceful hand; penetrating; profound

三C 三C san1 -
see 3C

三P 三P san1 -
(slang) threesome

三K党 三K黨 san1 - dang3
Ku Klux Klan; KKK

三阿姨 三阿姨 san1 a1 yi2
auntie, third eldest of sisters in mother's family

三拗汤 三拗湯 san1 ao4 tang1
san'ao decoction (TCM)

三八 三八 san1 ba1
International Women's Day 婦女節|妇女节, 8th March; foolish; stupid

三八线 三八線 san1 ba1 xian4
thirty eighth parallel, forming the DMZ border between North and South Korea

三百六十行 三百六十行 san1 bai3 liu4 shi2 hang2
all walks of life (idiom); every trade

三班倒 三班倒 san1 ban1 dao3
three-shift system (work rostering)

三包 三包 san1 bao1
"three-guarantee service": repair, exchange, refund

三胞胎 三胞胎 san1 bao1 tai1
triplets

三宝 三寶 san1 bao3
the Three Precious Treasures of Buddhism, namely: the Buddha 佛, the Dharma 法 (his teaching), and the Sangha 僧 (his monastic order)

三宝鸟 三寶鳥 san1 bao3 niao3
(bird species of China) oriental dollarbird (Eurystomus orientalis)

三宝太监 三寶太監 san1 bao3 tai4 jian4
Sanbao Eunuch, official title of Zheng He 鄭和|郑和; also written 三保太監|三保太监

三北 三北 san1 bei3
China's three northern regions, 東北|东北, 華北|华北 and 西北

三倍 三倍 san1 bei4
triple

三边形 三邊形 san1 bian1 xing2
triangle

三不 三不 san1 bu4
the three no's (abbreviated catchphrase)

三不管 三不管 san1 bu4 guan3
of undetermined status; unregulated

三部曲 三部曲 san1 bu4 qu3
trilogy

三不五时 三不五時 san1 bu4 wu3 shi2
(Tw) from time to time; frequently

三不知 三不知 san1 bu4 zhi1
to know nothing about the beginning, the middle or the end; to know nothing at all

三曹 三曹 san1 cao2
the Three Caos (Cao Cao 曹操 and his sons Cao Pi 曹丕 and Cao Zhi 曹植), who established the Wei or Cao Wei dynasty 曹魏, and were all three noted poets and calligraphers

三叉戟 三叉戟 san1 cha1 ji3
trident

三叉神经 三叉神經 san1 cha1 shen2 jing1
trigeminal nerve

三茶六饭 三茶六飯 san1 cha2 liu4 fan4
lit. to offer three kinds of tea and six different dishes; to be extremely considerate towards guests (idiom)

三岔口 三岔口 san1 cha4 kou3
At the Crossroads, famous opera, based on a story from 水滸傳|水浒传

三长两短 三長兩短 san1 chang2 liang3 duan3
unexpected misfortune; unexpected accident; sudden death

三重 三重 san1 chong2
Sanchong or Sanch'ung city in New Taipei City 新北市, Taiwan; Mie Prefecture in central Japan

三重 三重 san1 chong2
treble

三重市 三重市 san1 chong2 shi4
Sanchong or Sanch'ung city in New Taipei City 新北市, Taiwan

三重县 三重縣 san1 chong2 xian4
Mi'e prefecture in central Japan

三重奏 三重奏 san1 chong2 zou4
trio (musical ensemble)

三仇 三仇 san1 chou2
animosity or resentment towards three groups (the bureaucrats, the wealthy, and the police) due to perceived abuse of power

三春 三春 san1 chun1
the three spring months

三次 三次 san1 ci4
third; three times; (math.) degree three, cubic (equation)

三次方 三次方 san1 ci4 fang1
cube (third power, math.)

三次方程 三次方程 san1 ci4 fang1 cheng2
cubic equation (math.)

三次幂 三次冪 san1 ci4 mi4
cube (third power, math.)

三次曲线 三次曲線 san1 ci4 qu1 xian4
cubic curve (geometry)

三从四德 三從四德 san1 cong2 si4 de2
Confucian moral injunctions for women, namely: obey in turn three men father, husband and son, plus the four virtues of morality 德, physical charm 容, propriety in speech 言 and efficiency in needlework 功

三催四请 三催四請 san1 cui1 si4 qing3
to coax and plead

三寸不烂之舌 三寸不爛之舌 san1 cun4 bu4 lan4 zhi1 she2
to have a silver tongue; to have the gift of the gab

三大纪律八项注意 三大紀律八項注意 san1 da4 ji4 lv4 ba1 xiang4 zhu4 yi4
the Three Rules of Discipline and Eight Points for Attention, a military doctrine issued in 1928 by Mao Zedong for the Red Army, which included a number of injunctions demanding high standards of behavior and respect for civilians during wartime

三代 三代 san1 dai4
three generations of a family; the three earliest dynasties (Xia, Shang and Zhou)

三代同堂 三代同堂 san1 dai4 tong2 tang2
three generations under one roof

三岛由纪夫 三島由紀夫 san1 dao3 you2 ji4 fu1
Mishima Yukio (1925-1970), Japanese author, pen name of (平岡公威|平冈公威, Hiraoka Kimitake)

三道眉草鹀 三道眉草鵐 san1 dao4 mei2 cao3 wu2
(bird species of China) meadow bunting (Emberiza cioides)

三得利 三得利 san1 de2 li4
Suntory, Japanese beverage company

三等分 三等分 san1 deng3 fen1
trisection (math.); trisecting an angle

三等分角 三等分角 san1 deng3 fen1 jiao3
trisection (math.); trisecting an angle

三地门 三地門 san1 di4 men2
Santimen township in Pingtung County 屏東縣|屏东县, Taiwan

三地门乡 三地門鄉 san1 di4 men2 xiang1
Santimen township in Pingtung County 屏東縣|屏东县, Taiwan

三点全露 三點全露 san1 dian3 quan2 lou4
(slang) naked; nude

三点水 三點水 san1 dian3 shui3
name of "water" radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 85); see also 氵

三貂角 三貂角 san1 diao1 jiao3
Cape San Diego or Santiao, easternmost point of Taiwan Island

三迭纪 三迭紀 san1 die2 ji4
Triassic (geological period 250-205m years ago); also written 三疊紀|三叠纪

三叠纪 三疊紀 san1 die2 ji4
Triassic (geological period 250-205m years ago)

三都水族自治县 三都水族自治縣 san1 du1 shui3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Sandu Shuizu autonomous county in Qiannan Buyei and Miao autonomous prefecture 黔南州, Guizhou

三都县 三都縣 san1 du1 xian4
Sandu Shuizu autonomous county in Qiannan Buyei and Miao autonomous prefecture 黔南州, Guizhou

三度 三度 san1 du4
third (musical interval)

三段论 三段論 san1 duan4 lun4
syllogism (deduction in logic)

三对三斗牛 三對三鬥牛 san1 dui4 san1 dou4 niu2
three-on-three basketball game

三法司 三法司 san1 fa3 si1
the three judicial chief ministries (in imperial China)

三藩叛乱 三藩叛亂 san1 fan1 pan4 luan4
rebellion against the Qing of 1670s, pacified by Kangxi

三藩市 三藩市 san1 fan1 shi4
San Francisco (California)

三番五次 三番五次 san1 fan1 wu3 ci4
over and over again (idiom)

三藩之乱 三藩之亂 san1 fan1 zhi1 luan4
Three feudatories rebellion against Qing 1673-1681 during the reign of Kangxi

三反 三反 san1 fan3
"Three Anti" campaign (anti-corruption, anti-waste, anti-bureaucracy), early PRC purge of 1951-52

三反运动 三反運動 san1 fan3 yun4 dong4
"Three Anti" campaign (anti-corruption, anti-waste, anti-bureaucracy), early PRC purge of 1951-52

三废 三廢 san1 fei4
three types of waste product, namely: waste water 廢水|废水, exhaust gas 廢氣|废气, industrial slag 廢渣|废渣

三分 三分 san1 fen1
somewhat; to some degree

三分熟 三分熟 san1 fen1 shu2
cooked three minutes; rare (of steak)

三分之一 三分之一 san1 fen1 zhi1 yi1
one third

三分钟热度 三分鐘熱度 san1 fen1 zhong1 re4 du4
brief period of enthusiasm; flash in the pan

三伏 三伏 san1 fu2
three periods forming the hottest periods of summer, from mid-July to mid-August, namely: 初伏 (mid-July), 中伏 (late July to early August), 末伏 (mid-August)

三氟化硼 三氟化硼 san1 fu2 hua4 peng2
boron trifluoride

三伏天 三伏天 san1 fu2 tian1
three periods forming the hottest periods of summer, from mid-July to mid-August, namely: 初伏 (mid-July), 中伏 (late July to early August), 末伏 (mid-August)

三纲五常 三綱五常 san1 gang1 wu3 chang2
three principles and five virtues (idiom); the three rules (ruler guides subject, father guides son and husband guides wife) and five constant virtues of Confucianism (benevolence 仁, righteousness 義|义, propriety 禮|礼, wisdom 智 and fidelity 信)

三个臭皮匠,顶个诸葛亮 三個臭皮匠,頂個諸葛亮 san1 ge4 chou4 pi2 jiang5 - ding3 ge4 zhu1 ge3 liang4
lit. three ignorant cobblers add up to a genius (idiom); fig. collective wisdom; wisdom of the masses exceeds that of any individual

三个臭皮匠,合成一个诸葛亮 三個臭皮匠,合成一個諸葛亮 san1 ge4 chou4 pi2 jiang5 - he2 cheng2 yi1 ge4 zhu1 ge3 liang4
lit. three ignorant cobblers add up to a genius (idiom); fig. collective wisdom

三个臭皮匠,赛过一个诸葛亮 三個臭皮匠,賽過一個諸葛亮 san1 ge4 chou4 pi2 jiang5 - sai4 guo4 yi1 ge4 zhu1 ge3 liang4
lit. three ignorant cobblers add up to a genius (idiom); fig. collective wisdom; wisdom of the masses exceeds that of any individual

三个臭皮匠,赛过诸葛亮 三個臭皮匠,賽過諸葛亮 san1 ge4 chou4 pi2 jiang5 - sai4 guo4 zhu1 ge3 liang4
lit. three ignorant cobblers add up to a genius (idiom); fig. collective wisdom; wisdom of the masses exceeds that of any individual

三个臭皮匠,胜过一个诸葛亮 三個臭皮匠,勝過一個諸葛亮 san1 ge4 chou4 pi2 jiang5 - sheng4 guo4 yi1 ge4 zhu1 ge3 liang4
variant of 三個臭皮匠,賽過一個諸葛亮|三个臭皮匠,赛过一个诸葛亮

三个代表 三個代表 san1 ge4 dai4 biao3
the Three Represents enunciated by Jiang Zemin 江澤民|江泽民 as the duty of the Chinese Communist party in 2001, namely: to represent productivity of an advanced society, forward progress of advanced culture and the fundamental interests of the people

三个女人一个墟 三個女人一個墟 san1 ge4 nv3 ren2 yi1 ge4 xu1
three women makes a crowd

三个女人一台戏 三個女人一臺戲 san1 ge5 nv3 ren2 yi1 tai2 xi4
three women are enough for a drama (idiom)

三个世界 三個世界 san1 ge5 shi4 jie4
the Three Worlds (as proposed by Mao Zedong), i.e. the superpowers (USA and USSR), other wealthy countries (UK, France, Japan etc), and the developing countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America

三更 三更 san1 geng1
third of the five night watch periods 23:00-01:00 (old); midnight; also pr.

三更半夜 三更半夜 san1 geng1 ban4 ye4
in the depth of the night; very late at night

三公经费 三公經費 san1 gong1 jing1 fei4
"three public expenditures" of the PRC government, i.e. air travel, food and entertainment, and public vehicles

三公消费 三公消費 san1 gong1 xiao1 fei4
see 三公經費|三公经费

三姑六婆 三姑六婆 san1 gu1 liu4 po2
women with disreputable or illegal professions (idiom)

三顾茅庐 三顧茅廬 san1 gu4 mao2 lu2
lit. three humble visits to a thatched cottage; cf famous episode in the fictional Romance of Three Kingdoms 三國演義|三国演义 in which Liu Bei 劉備|刘备 recruits Zhuge Liang 諸葛亮|诸葛亮 (the Hidden Dragon 臥龍|卧龙) to his cause by visiting him three times

三官大帝 三官大帝 san1 guan1 da4 di4
the three gods in charge of heaven, earth and water (Daoism)

三光 三光 san1 guang1
the sun, the moon, and the stars

三光政策 三光政策 san1 guang1 zheng4 ce4
Three Alls Policy (kill all, burn all, loot all), Japanese policy in China during WWII

三归依 三歸依 san1 gui1 yi1
the Three Pillars of Faith (Buddha, dharma, sangha); see also 三寶|三宝

三跪九叩 三跪九叩 san1 gui4 jiu3 kou4
to kneel three times and kowtow nine times (formal etiquette on meeting the emperor)

三国 三國 san1 guo2
Three Kingdoms period (220-280) in Chinese history; several Three Kingdoms periods in Korean history, esp. from 1st century AD to unification under Silla 新羅|新罗 in 658

三国史记 三國史記 san1 guo2 shi3 ji4
History of Three Kingdoms (Korean: Samguk Sagi), the oldest extant Korean history, compiled under Kim Busik 金富軾|金富轼 in 1145. The three kingdoms are Goguryeo 高句麗|高句丽, Baekje 百濟|百济, Silla 新羅|新罗.

三国演义 三國演義 san1 guo2 yan3 yi4
Romance of the Three Kingdoms by Luo Guanzhong 羅貫中|罗贯中, one of the Four Classic Novels of Chinese literature; a fictional account of the Three Kingdoms at the break-up of the Han around 200 AD, consistently portraying Liu Bei's Shu Han 劉備, 蜀漢|刘备, 蜀汉 as vi

三国志 三國志 san1 guo2 zhi4
History of the Three Kingdoms, fourth of the 24 dynastic histories 二十四史, composed by Chen Shou 陳壽|陈寿 in 289 during Jin Dynasty 晉朝|晋朝, 65 scrolls

三号电池 三號電池 san1 hao4 dian4 chi2
C size battery (PRC); AA battery (Taiwan); see 二號電池|二号电池 (C battery in Taiwan) and 五號電池|五号电池 (AA battery in PRC)

三号木杆 三號木桿 san1 hao4 mu4 gan1
spoon (golf)

三河 三河 san1 he2
Three rivers; Sanhe county level city in Langfang 廊坊, Hebei

三合会 三合會 san1 he2 hui4
triad, Chinese crime gang; triad society, anti-Manchu secret society in Qing-dynasty China

三河市 三河市 san1 he2 shi4
Sanhe county level city in Langfang 廊坊, Hebei

三合土 三合土 san1 he2 tu3
mortar; concrete; cement

三和弦 三和弦 san1 he2 xian2
triad; musical chord of three notes, such as major triad do-mi-so

三河县 三河縣 san1 he2 xian4
Sanhe county in Beijing

三合星 三合星 san1 he2 xing1
triple star system

三合一 三合一 san1 he2 yi1
three in one; triple

三合一疫苗 三合一疫苗 san1 he2 yi1 yi4 miao2
DTP vaccination

三皇 三皇 san1 huang2
Three Sovereigns, between Gods and Emperors in third millennium BC; usually listed as Suiren 燧人, Fuxi 伏羲, trapping and writing, Shennong or Farmer God 神農|神农

三皇炮捶 三皇炮捶 san1 huang2 pao4 chui2
Paochui - "Three Emperor Cannon Punch" (Chinese Martial Art)

三皇五帝 三皇五帝 san1 huang2 wu3 di4
three sovereigns 三皇 and five emperors 五帝 of myth and legend; the earliest system of Chinese historiography

三魂 三魂 san1 hun2
three immortal souls in Daoism, representing spirit and intellect

三魂七魄 三魂七魄 san1 hun2 qi1 po4
three immortal souls and seven mortal forms in Daoism, contrasting the spiritual and carnal side of man

三级 三級 san1 ji2
grade 3; third class; category C

三极管 三極管 san1 ji2 guan3
triode (vacuum tube or transistor)

三级片 三級片 san1 ji2 pian4
third category movie (containing sexual or violent content)

三级士官 三級士官 san1 ji2 shi4 guan1
staff sergeant

三级跳 三級跳 san1 ji2 tiao4
triple jump (athletics); hop, skip and jump

三级跳远 三級跳遠 san1 ji2 tiao4 yuan3
triple jump (athletics); hop, skip and jump

三家村 三家村 san1 jia1 cun1
lit. village of three households; name of essay column in Beijing newspaper from 1961-1966, written by Deng Tuo 鄧拓|邓拓, Wu Han 吳晗|吴晗 and Liao Mosha 廖沫沙, criticized as anti-party during the Cultural Revolution

三甲 三甲 san1 jia3
3rd rank of candidates who passed the imperial examination

三价 三價 san1 jia4
trivalent

三驾马车 三駕馬車 san1 jia4 ma3 che1
troika

三尖杉酯碱 三尖杉酯鹼 san1 jian1 shan1 zhi3 jian3
harringtonine (chemistry)

三键 三鍵 san1 jian4
triple bond (chemistry); triple link

三件套式西装 三件套式西裝 san1 jian4 tao4 shi4 xi1 zhuang1
three-piece suit

三江并流 三江並流 san1 jiang1 bing4 liu2
Three Parallel Rivers National Park, in mountainous northwest Yunnan World Heritage protected area: the three rivers are Nujian 怒江 or Salween, Jinsha 金沙江 or upper reaches of Changjiang and Lancang 澜沧江 or Mekong

三江侗族自治县 三江侗族自治縣 san1 jiang1 dong4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Sanjiang Dong autonomous county in Liuzhou 柳州, Guangxi

三江平原 三江平原 san1 jiang1 ping2 yuan2
Sanjiang or Three rivers plain in Heilongjiang, vast wetland watered by Heilongjiang 黑龍江|黑龙江 or Amur, Songhua 松花江, Ussuri 烏蘇里江|乌苏里江

三江生态旅游区 三江生態旅遊區 san1 jiang1 sheng1 tai4 lv3 you2 qu1
Sanjiang ecological tourist area in Wenchuan county 汶川县, northwest Sichuan

三江源 三江源 san1 jiang1 yuan2
Sanjiangyuan National Nature Reserve, high plateau region of Qinghai containing the headwaters of Changjiang or Yangtze, Huanghe or Yellow River and Lancang or Mekong River

三焦 三焦 san1 jiao1
(TCM) the three truncal cavities (thoracic, abdominal and pelvic), known as the "triple heater" or "San Jiao"

三膲 三膲 san1 jiao1
variant of 三焦

三角 三角 san1 jiao3
triangle

三角板 三角板 san1 jiao3 ban3
set square; triangle (for drawing right angles)

三角测量法 三角測量法 san1 jiao3 ce4 liang2 fa3
triangulation (surveying)

三角凳 三角凳 san1 jiao3 deng4
three-legged stool

三角法 三角法 san1 jiao3 fa3
trigonometry (math.)

三角腹带 三角腹帶 san1 jiao3 fu4 dai4
athletic supporter

三角关系 三角關係 san1 jiao3 guan1 xi4
triangle relationship; a love triangle

三角函数 三角函數 san1 jiao3 han2 shu4
trigonometric function

三角肌 三角肌 san1 jiao3 ji1
deltoid muscle (over the shoulder)

三脚架 三腳架 san1 jiao3 jia4
tripod; derrick crane

三角巾 三角巾 san1 jiao3 jin1
sling (for a wounded arm)

三角恐龙 三角恐龍 san1 jiao3 kong3 long2
triceratops (dinosaur)

三角裤 三角褲 san1 jiao3 ku4
briefs; panties

三角裤衩 三角褲衩 san1 jiao3 ku4 cha3
briefs; panties

三角恋爱 三角戀愛 san1 jiao3 lian4 ai4
love triangle

三脚两步 三腳兩步 san1 jiao3 liang3 bu4
hurriedly; just a few steps away

三角龙 三角龍 san1 jiao3 long2
triceratops

三脚猫 三腳貓 san1 jiao3 mao1
jack of all trades

三角形 三角形 san1 jiao3 xing2
triangle

三角学 三角學 san1 jiao3 xue2
trigonometry

三角债 三角債 san1 jiao3 zhai4
triangular debt

三角洲 三角洲 san1 jiao3 zhou1
delta (geography)

三角柱体 三角柱體 san1 jiao3 zhu4 ti3
triangular prism (math.)

三角锥 三角錐 san1 jiao3 zhui1
triangular pyramid (math.)

三角座 三角座 san1 jiao3 zuo4
Triangulum (constellation)

三教 三教 san1 jiao4
the Three Doctrines (Daoism, Confucianism, Buddhism)

三教九流 三教九流 san1 jiao4 jiu3 liu2
the Three Religions (Daoism, Confucianism, Buddhism) and Nine Schools (Confucians, Daoists, Yin-Yang, Legalists, Logicians, Mohists, Political Strategists, Eclectics, Agriculturists); fig. people from all trades (often derog.)

三井 三井 san1 jing3
Mitsui (Japanese company)

三九天 三九天 san1 jiu3 tian1
the twenty seven days after the Winter Solstice, reputed to be the coldest days of the year

三句话不离本行 三句話不離本行 san1 ju4 hua4 bu4 li2 ben3 hang2
to talk shop all the time (idiom)

三聚氰胺 三聚氰胺 san1 ju4 qing2 an4
melamine C3H6N6

三军 三軍 san1 jun1
(in former times) upper, middle and lower army; army of right, center and left; (in modern times) the three armed services: Army, Navy and Air Force

三军用命 三軍用命 san1 jun1 yong4 ming4
(of a team) to throw oneself into the battle

三框栏 三框欄 san1 kuang4 lan2
name of radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 22); see also 匚

三棱草 三稜草 san1 leng2 cao3
sedge herb (Cyperus rotundus)

三棱镜 三稜鏡 san1 leng2 jing4
(triangular) prism

三里河 三里河 san1 li3 he2
Sanlihe (Beijing street name)

三里屯 三里屯 san1 li3 tun2
Sanlitun (Beijing street name)

三联管 三聯管 san1 lian2 guan3
triplet

三连胜 三連勝 san1 lian2 sheng4
hat-trick (sports)

三联书店 三聯書店 san1 lian2 shu1 dian4
Joint Publishing, book store chain and publisher, founded in Hong Kong in 1948

三两 三兩 san1 liang3
two or three

三磷酸腺苷 三磷酸腺苷 san1 lin2 suan1 xian4 gan1
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)

三菱 三菱 san1 ling2
Mitsubishi

三令五申 三令五申 san1 ling4 wu3 shen1
to order again and again (idiom)

三流 三流 san1 liu2
third-rate; inferior

三鹿 三鹿 san1 lu4
Three Deer (brand)

三鹿集团 三鹿集團 san1 lu4 ji2 tuan2
Sanlu Group, Chinese state-owned dairy products company involved in the 2008 melamine poisoning scandal

三轮车 三輪車 san1 lun2 che1
pedicab; tricycle

三轮车夫 三輪車夫 san1 lun2 che1 fu1
pedicab driver

三论宗 三論宗 san1 lun4 zong1
Three Treatise School (Buddhism)

三氯化磷 三氯化磷 san1 lv4 hua4 lin2
phosphorous trichloride

三氯化铁 三氯化鐵 san1 lv4 hua4 tie3
ferric chloride FeCl3

三氯甲烷 三氯甲烷 san1 lv4 jia3 wan2
chloroform CHCl3; trichloromethane

三氯氰胺 三氯氰胺 san1 lv4 qing2 an4
melamine C3H6N6

三氯氧磷 三氯氧磷 san1 lv4 yang3 lin2
phosphorous oxychloride

三氯已烷 三氯已烷 san1 lv4 yi3 wan2
trichloroethane

三氯已烯 三氯已烯 san1 lv4 yi3 xi1
trichloroethylene

三略 三略 san1 lve4
see 黃石公三略|黄石公三略

三马同槽 三馬同槽 san1 ma3 tong2 cao2
three horses at the same trough (idiom, alluding to Sima Yi 司馬懿|司马懿 and his two sons); conspirators under the same roof

三毛猫 三毛貓 san1 mao2 mao1
tortoiseshell cat; calico cat

三昧 三昧 san1 mei4
Samadhi (Buddhist term)

三门 三門 san1 men2
Sanmen county in Taizhou 台州, Zhejiang

三门峡 三門峽 san1 men2 xia2
Sanmenxia prefecture level city in Henan

三门峡市 三門峽市 san1 men2 xia2 shi4
Sanmenxia prefecture level city in Henan

三门县 三門縣 san1 men2 xian4
Sanmen county in Taizhou 台州, Zhejiang

三秒胶 三秒膠 san1 miao3 jiao1
superglue

三民 三民 san1 min2
Sanmin district of Kaohsiung city 高雄市, south Taiwan

三民区 三民區 san1 min2 qu1
Sanmin district of Kaohsiung city 高雄市, south Taiwan

三民乡 三民鄉 san1 min2 xiang1
Sanmin district of Kaohsiung city 高雄市, south Taiwan

三民主义 三民主義 san1 min2 zhu3 yi4
Dr Sun Yat-sen's 孫中山|孙中山 Three principles of the people (late 1890s)

三明 三明 san1 ming2
Sanming prefecture level city in Fujian

三明市 三明市 san1 ming2 shi4
Sanming prefecture level city in Fujian

三明治 三明治 san1 ming2 zhi4
sandwich (loanword)

三农 三農 san1 nong2
see 三農問題|三农问题

三农问题 三農問題 san1 nong2 wen4 ti2
the three rural issues: agriculture, rural areas and peasants

三胚层动物 三胚層動物 san1 pei1 ceng2 dong4 wu4
triploblastic animals (having three germ layers)

三陪小姐 三陪小姐 san1 pei2 xiao3 jie5
female escort; bar girl

三朋四友 三朋四友 san1 peng2 si4 you3
friends; cronies

三浦 三浦 san1 pu3
Miura (Japanese surname and place name)

三浦梅园 三浦梅園 san1 pu3 mei2 yuan2
MIURA Baien (1723-1789), Japanese neo-Confucian philosopher and pioneer economist, author of The Origin of value 價原|价原

三七 三七 san1 qi1
pseudoginseng (Panax pseudoginseng), hemostatic herb

三七二十一 三七二十一 san1 qi1 er4 shi2 yi1
three sevens are twenty-one (idiom); the facts of the matter; the actual situation

三七开 三七開 san1 qi1 kai1
ratio seventy to thirty; thirty percent failure, seventy percent success

三七开定论 三七開定論 san1 qi1 kai1 ding4 lun4
thirty percent failure, seventy percent success, the official PRC verdict on Mao Zedong

三七仔 三七仔 san1 qi1 zi3
(slang) pimp

三亲六故 三親六故 san1 qin1 liu4 gu4
old friends and relatives

三权鼎立 三權鼎立 san1 quan2 ding3 li4
separation of powers

三权分立 三權分立 san1 quan2 fen1 li4
separation of powers

三人成虎 三人成虎 san1 ren2 cheng2 hu3
three men talking makes a tiger (idiom); repeated rumor becomes a fact

三人口气 三人口氣 san1 ren2 kou3 qi4
third person (grammar)

三人行 三人行 san1 ren2 xing2
(slang) threesome

三人行,必有我师 三人行,必有我師 san1 ren2 xing2 - bi4 you3 wo3 shi1
lit. if three walk together, one can be my teacher (idiom, from the Analects of Confucius); you have sth to learn from everyone

三人行,则必有我师 三人行,則必有我師 san1 ren2 xing2 - ze2 bi4 you3 wo3 shi1
If three walk together, one of them can teach me sth (Confucius)

三三两两 三三兩兩 san1 san1 liang3 liang3
in twos and threes

三色堇 三色堇 san1 se4 jin3
pansy

三色猫 三色貓 san1 se4 mao1
calico cat

三色紫罗兰 三色紫羅蘭 san1 se4 zi3 luo2 lan2
pansy

三山 三山 san1 shan1
Sanshan district of Wuhu city 蕪湖市|芜湖市, Anhui

三山区 三山區 san1 shan1 qu1
Sanshan district of Wuhu city 蕪湖市|芜湖市, Anhui

三生有幸 三生有幸 san1 sheng1 you3 xing4
the blessing of three lifetimes (idiom); (courteous language) it's my good fortune...

三十 三十 san1 shi2
thirty; 30

三十八度线 三十八度線 san1 shi2 ba1 du4 xian4
thirty eighth parallel; dividing line agreed at Yalta between US and Soviet zones of influence in Korea, now the DMZ between North and South Korea

三十而立 三十而立 san1 shi2 er2 li4
thirty years old and therefore independent (idiom, from Confucius)

三十二位元 三十二位元 san1 shi2 er4 wei4 yuan2
32-bit (computing)

三十二相 三十二相 san1 shi2 er4 xiang4
the thirty-two physical characteristics of Buddha

三十六计 三十六計 san1 shi2 liu4 ji4
The Thirty-Six Stratagems, a Chinese essay used to illustrate a series of stratagems used in politics, war, and in civil interaction; all the possible schemes and stratagems

三十六计,走为上策 三十六計,走為上策 san1 shi2 liu4 ji4 - zou3 wei2 shang4 ce4
Of the Thirty-Six Stratagems, fleeing is best.; see also 三十六計|三十六计

三十六字母 三十六字母 san1 shi2 liu4 zi4 mu3
thirty six initial consonants of Song phonetic theory

三世 三世 san1 shi4
the Third (of numbered kings)

三手病 三手病 san1 shou3 bing4
repetitive strain injury (resulting from frequent use of one's thumb, wrist etc)

三水 三水 san1 shui3
Sanshui district of Foshan city 佛山市, Guangdong

三水区 三水區 san1 shui3 qu1
Sanshui district of Foshan city 佛山市, Guangdong

三水县 三水縣 san1 shui3 xian4
Sanshui county in Guangdong

三思而后行 三思而後行 san1 si1 er2 hou4 xing2
think again and again before acting (idiom); consider carefully in advance

三思而行 三思而行 san1 si1 er2 xing2
think three times then go (idiom); don't act before you've thought it through carefully

三苏 三蘇 san1 su1
the Three Su father and sons; refers to northern Song literati Su Xun 蘇洵|苏洵, Su Shi 蘇軾|苏轼 and Su Zhe 蘇轍|苏辙

三酸甘油酯 三酸甘油酯 san1 suan1 gan1 you2 zhi3
triglyceride

三穗 三穗 san1 sui4
Sansui county in Qiandongnan Miao and Dong autonomous prefecture 黔東南州|黔东南州, Guizhou

三穗县 三穗縣 san1 sui4 xian4
Sansui county in Qiandongnan Miao and Dong autonomous prefecture 黔東南州|黔东南州, Guizhou

三索锦蛇 三索錦蛇 san1 suo3 jin3 she2
copperhead race (Elaphe radiata), kind of snake

三台 三台 san1 tai2
Santai county in Mianyang 綿陽|绵阳, north Sichuan

三台县 三台縣 san1 tai2 xian4
Santai county in Mianyang 綿陽|绵阳, north Sichuan

三碳糖 三碳糖 san1 tan4 tang2
triose (CH20)3, monosaccharide with three carbon atoms, such as glyceraldehyde 甘油醛

三屉桌 三屜桌 san1 ti2 zhuo1
three-drawer desk (traditional Chinese piece of furniture)

三体 三體 san1 ti3
trisomy

三体问题 三體問題 san1 ti3 wen4 ti2
three-body problem (mechanics)

三天不打,上房揭瓦 三天不打,上房揭瓦 san1 tian1 bu4 da3 - shang4 fang2 jie1 wa3
three days without a beating, and a child will scale the roof to rip the tiles (idiom); spare the rod, spoil the child

三天打鱼,两天晒网 三天打魚,兩天曬網 san1 tian1 da3 yu2 - liang3 tian1 shai4 wang3
lit. to fish for three days and sun-dry the nets for two days (proverb); fig. not to persevere in doing sth; to do sth by fits and starts

三天两头 三天兩頭 san1 tian1 liang3 tou2
lit. twice every three days (idiom); practically every day; frequently

三田 三田 san1 tian2
Mita, Sanda, Mitsuda etc (Japanese surname or place name)

三田 三田 san1 tian2
3 annual hunting bouts; 3 qi points

三通 三通 san1 tong1
T-joint; T-piece; T-pipe; three links

三头肌 三頭肌 san1 tou2 ji1
triceps muscle; triceps brachii

三头六臂 三頭六臂 san1 tou2 liu4 bi4
lit. to have three heads and six arms (idiom); fig. to possess remarkable abilities; a being of formidable powers

三退 三退 san1 tui4
withdrawal from the Communist Party, the Communist Youth League, and the Young Pioneers of China

三瓦两舍 三瓦兩舍 san1 wa3 liang3 she4
places of pleasure (like brothels, tea houses etc)

三湾 三灣 san1 wan1
Sanwan township in Miaoli county 苗栗縣|苗栗县, northwest Taiwan

三湾乡 三灣鄉 san1 wan1 xiang1
Sanwan township in Miaoli county 苗栗縣|苗栗县, northwest Taiwan

三围 三圍 san1 wei2
BWH, abbr. for a woman's three measurements, namely: bust 胸圍|胸围, waist 腰圍|腰围 and hip 臀圍|臀围

三维 三維 san1 wei2
three dimensional; 3D

三维空间 三維空間 san1 wei2 kong1 jian1
three-dimensional space; 3D

三位博士 三位博士 san1 wei4 bo2 shi4
the Magi; the Three Wise Kings from the East in the biblical nativity story

三味线 三味線 san1 wei4 xian4
shamisen, three-stringed Japanese musical instrument

三位一体 三位一體 san1 wei4 yi1 ti3
Holy Trinity; trinity

三温暖 三溫暖 san1 wen1 nuan3
sauna (loanword) (Tw)

三文鱼 三文魚 san1 wen2 yu2
salmon (loanword)

三文治 三文治 san1 wen2 zhi4
sandwich (loanword)

三五 三五 san1 wu3
several; three or five

三五成群 三五成群 san1 wu3 cheng2 qun2
in groups of three or four (idiom)

三峡 三峽 san1 xia2
Three Gorges on the Chang Jiang or Yangtze, namely: Qutang Gorge 瞿塘峽|瞿塘峡, Wuxia Gorge 巫峽|巫峡 and Xiling Gorge 西陵峽|西陵峡; Sanxia or Sanhsia town in New Taipei City 新北市, Taiwan

三峡大坝 三峽大壩 san1 xia2 da4 ba4
Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River

三峡水库 三峽水庫 san1 xia2 shui3 ku4
Three gorges reservoir on the Changjiang or Yangtze

三侠五义 三俠五義 san1 xia2 wu3 yi4
Sanxia wuyi (lit. Three knight-errants and five righteous one), novel edited from stories of late Qing dynasty pinghua 評話|评话 master storyteller Shi Yukun 石玉昆

三峡镇 三峽鎮 san1 xia2 zhen4
Sanxia or Sanhsia town in New Taipei City 新北市, Taiwan

三下两下 三下兩下 san1 xia4 liang3 xia4
quickly and effortlessly (idiom)

三下五除二 三下五除二 san1 xia4 wu3 chu2 er4
three, set five remove two (abacus rule); efficiently; quickly and easily

三鲜 三鮮 san1 xian1
three fresh ingredients (in cooking)

三弦 三弦 san1 xian2
sanxian, large family of 3-stringed plucked musical instruments, with snakeskin covered wooden soundbox and long neck, used in folk music, opera and Chinese orchestra

三厢 三廂 san1 xiang1
sedan (automobile body type)

三项 三項 san1 xiang4
three items; three events; three terms; tri-; trinomial, ternary (math.); triathlon (abbr. for 三項全能|三项全能)

三相点 三相點 san1 xiang4 dian3
triple point (thermodynamics)

三项全能 三項全能 san1 xiang4 quan2 neng2
triathlon

三项式 三項式 san1 xiang4 shi4
trinomial (math.)

三硝基甲苯 三硝基甲苯 san1 xiao1 ji1 jia3 ben3
trinitrotoluene (TNT)

三心二意 三心二意 san1 xin1 er4 yi4
in two minds about sth (idiom); half-hearted; shilly-shallying

三星 三星 san1 xing1
Sanxing or Sanhsing township in Yilan county 宜蘭縣|宜兰县, Taiwan; Samsung (South Korean electronics company)

三星 三星 san1 xing1
three major stars of the Three Stars 參宿|参宿 Chinese constellation; the belt of Orion; three spirits 福, 祿|禄, and 壽|寿 associated with the Three Stars 參宿|参宿 Chinese constellation

三星集团 三星集團 san1 xing1 ji2 tuan2
Samsung Group

三星乡 三星鄉 san1 xing1 xiang1
Sanxing or Sanhsing township in Yilan county 宜蘭縣|宜兰县, Taiwan

三旬九食 三旬九食 san1 xun2 jiu3 shi2
lit. to have only nine meals in thirty days (idiom); fig. (of a family) on the brink of starvation; in dire straits

三亚 三亞 san1 ya4
Sanya prefecture level city, Hainan

三亚市 三亞市 san1 ya4 shi4
Sanya prefecture level city, Hainan

三言两句 三言兩句 san1 yan2 liang3 ju4
in a few words (idiom); expressed succinctly

三言两语 三言兩語 san1 yan2 liang3 yu3
in a few words (idiom); expressed succinctly

三洋 三洋 san1 yang2
Sanyō, Japanese electronics company

三叶草 三葉草 san1 ye4 cao3
clover; trefoil

三叶虫 三葉蟲 san1 ye4 chong2
trilobite

三叶星云 三葉星雲 san1 ye4 xing1 yun2
Trifid Nebula M20

三夷教 三夷教 san1 yi2 jiao4
the three foreign religions (Nestorianism, Manicheanism and Zoroastrianism)

三义 三義 san1 yi4
Sanyi township in Miaoli county 苗栗縣|苗栗县, northwest Taiwan

三义乡 三義鄉 san1 yi4 xiang1
Sanyi township in Miaoli county 苗栗縣|苗栗县, northwest Taiwan

三音 三音 san1 yin1
third (musical interval, e.g. do-mi)

三音度 三音度 san1 yin1 du4
third (musical interval)

三用表 三用表 san1 yong4 biao3
instrument console (diving)

三原 三原 san1 yuan2
Sanyuan County in Xianyang 咸陽|咸阳, Shaanxi

三元醇 三元醇 san1 yuan2 chun2
propyl alcohol C3H7OH

三元区 三元區 san1 yuan2 qu1
Sanyuan district of Sanming city 三明市, Fujian

三原县 三原縣 san1 yuan2 xian4
Sanyuan County in Xianyang 咸陽|咸阳, Shaanxi

三元运算 三元運算 san1 yuan2 yun4 suan4
ternary operator (computing)

三原则 三原則 san1 yuan2 ze2
the Three Principles (in many contexts)

三月 三月 san1 yue4
March; third month (of the lunar year)

三月份 三月份 san1 yue4 fen4
March

三月街 三月街 san1 yue4 jie1
Third Month Fair, traditional festival of the Bai Nationality 白族

三藏 三藏 san1 zang4
Tripitaka (602-664) Tang dynasty Buddhist monk and translator, who traveled to India 629-645; same as 玄奘

三藏法师 三藏法師 san1 zang4 fa3 shi1
Tripitaka (602-664) Tang dynasty Buddhist monk and translator, who traveled to India 629-645; same as 玄奘

三贞九烈 三貞九烈 san1 zhen1 jiu3 lie4
(of a widow) faithful to the death to her husband's memory

三振 三振 san1 zhen4
to strike out; strikeout (baseball, softball); (Tw) to ditch; to eliminate from consideration

三振出局 三振出局 san1 zhen4 chu1 ju2
see 三振

三芝 三芝 san1 zhi1
Sanzhi or Sanchih township in New Taipei City 新北市, Taiwan

三只手 三隻手 san1 zhi1 shou3
pickpocket

三芝乡 三芝鄉 san1 zhi1 xiang1
Sanzhi or Sanchih township in New Taipei City 新北市, Taiwan

三趾滨鹬 三趾濱鷸 san1 zhi3 bin1 yu4
(bird species of China) sanderling (Calidris alba)

三趾翠鸟 三趾翠鳥 san1 zhi3 cui4 niao3
(bird species of China) oriental dwarf kingfisher (Ceyx erithacus)

三趾鸥 三趾鷗 san1 zhi3 ou1
(bird species of China) black-legged kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla)

三趾鸦雀 三趾鴉雀 san1 zhi3 ya1 que4
(bird species of China) three-toed parrotbill (Cholornis paradoxa)

三趾啄木鸟 三趾啄木鳥 san1 zhi3 zhuo2 mu4 niao3
(bird species of China) Eurasian three-toed woodpecker (Picoides tridactylus)

三中全会 三中全會 san1 zhong1 quan2 hui4
Third Plenum of the Chinese Communist Party, currently held every five years

三柱门 三柱門 san1 zhu4 men2
(sports) (cricket) wicket (set of stumps and bails)

三资企业 三資企業 san1 zi1 qi3 ye4
foreign, private and joint ventures

三自 三自 san1 zi4
abbr. for 三自愛國教會|三自爱国教会, Three-Self Patriotic Movement

三自爱国教会 三自愛國教會 san1 zi4 ai4 guo2 jiao4 hui4
Three-Self Patriotic Movement, PRC government-sanctioned Protestant church from 1949

三自教会 三自教會 san1 zi4 jiao4 hui4
Three-Self Patriotic Movement, PRC government-sanctioned Protestant church from 1949

三字经 三字經 san1 zi4 jing1
Three Character Classic, 13th century reading primer consisting of Confucian tenets in lines of 3 characters

三字经 三字經 san1 zi4 jing1
(slang) swearword; four-letter word

三族 三族 san1 zu2
(old) three generations (father, self and sons); three clans (your own, your mother's, your wife's)

三足金乌 三足金烏 san1 zu2 jin1 wu1
three-legged Golden Crow that lives in the sun (in northeast Asian and Chinese mythology); Korean: samjog'o

三足乌 三足烏 san1 zu2 wu1
three-legged Golden Crow that lives in the sun (in northeast Asian and Chinese mythology); Korean: samjog'o

十三 十三 shi2 san1
thirteen; 13

十三点 十三點 shi2 san1 dian3
half-witted; nitwit

十三经 十三經 shi2 san1 jing1
the Thirteen Confucian Classics, namely: Book of Songs 詩經|诗经, Book of History 尚書|尚书, Rites of Zhou 周禮|周礼, Rites and Ceremonies 儀禮|仪礼, Classic of Rites 禮記|礼记, Book of Changes 易經|易经, Mr Zuo's Annals 左傳|左传, Mr Gongyang's Annals 公羊傳|公羊传, Mr Guliang's Annals 穀

十三日 十三日 shi2 san1 ri4
thirteenth day of a month

是药三分毒 是藥三分毒 shi4 yao4 san1 fen1 du2
every medicine has its side effect

说三道四 說三道四 shuo1 san1 dao4 si4
to make thoughtless remarks (idiom); to criticize; gossip

太子十三峰 太子十三峰 tai4 zi3 shi2 san1 feng1
thirteen peaks of Meri snow mountains in Diqing Tibetan autonomous prefecture 迪慶藏族自治州|迪庆藏族自治州, Yunnan; also written 梅里雪山

唐三藏 唐三藏 tang2 san1 zang4
Tripitaka (602-664) Tang dynasty Buddhist monk and translator, who traveled to India 629-645; same as 玄奘

唐诗三百首 唐詩三百首 tang2 shi1 san1 bai3 shou3
Three hundred Tang dynasty poems, a stable anthology collected around 1763 by Sun Zhu 孫誅

桃园三结义 桃園三結義 tao2 yuan2 san1 jie2 yi4
Oath of the Peach Garden, sworn by Liu Bei 劉備|刘备, Zhang Fei 張飛|张飞 and Guan Yu 關羽|关羽 at the start of the Romance of Three Kingdoms 三國演義|三国演义

挑三拣四 挑三揀四 tiao1 san1 jian3 si4
to be picky; to be choosy

调三窝四 調三窩四 tiao2 san1 wo1 si4
to sow the seeds of discord everywhere (idiom)

挑三窝四 挑三窩四 tiao3 san1 wo1 si4
to sow discord everywhere

推三阻四 推三阻四 tui1 san1 zu3 si4
to use all sorts of excuses

退避三舍 退避三捨 tui4 bi4 san1 she4
lit. to retreat three day's march (idiom); fig. to give way in the face of superior strength; a strategic withdrawal

网开三面 網開三面 wang3 kai1 san1 mian4
to leave the net open on three sides (idiom); let the caged bird fly; to give one's opponent a way out; lenient treatment

韦编三绝 韋編三絕 wei2 bian1 san1 jue2
lit. the leather binding (of the bamboo scroll) has broken three times; fig. to study diligently

吴三桂 吳三桂 wu2 san1 gui4
Wu Sangui (1612-1678), Chinese general who let the Manchus into China and helped them establish the Qing Dynasty, later leading a revolt against Qing in an effort to start his own dynasty

无事不登三宝殿 無事不登三寶殿 wu2 shi4 bu4 deng1 san1 bao3 dian4
lit. One doesn't visit a temple without a cause. (idiom); fig. to visit sb with an ulterior motive (esp. to ask for sth); having a hidden agenda

下三滥 下三濫 xia4 san1 lan4
riffraff; scum; lowlife; despicable; inferior

下三烂 下三爛 xia4 san1 lan4
variant of 下三濫|下三滥

腺嘌呤核苷三磷酸 腺嘌呤核苷三磷酸 xian4 piao4 ling4 he2 gan1 san1 lin2 suan1
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)

小三 小三 xiao3 san1
mistress; the other woman (coll.); grade 3 in elementary school

小三度 小三度 xiao3 san1 du4
minor third (musical interval)

小三和弦 小三和弦 xiao3 san1 he2 xian2
minor triad la-do-mi

小渊惠三 小淵惠三 xiao3 yuan1 hui4 san1
Obuchi Keizo (1937-2000), Japanese politician, prime minister 1998-2000

新官上任三把火 新官上任三把火 xin1 guan1 shang4 ren4 san1 ba3 huo3
the new boss cracks the whip three times; a new broom sweeps clean; fig. vigorous new policies

星期三 星期三 xing1 qi1 san1
Wednesday

一板三眼 一板三眼 yi1 ban3 san1 yan3
lit. one strong beat and three weak beats in a measure of music (four beats in the bar) (idiom); fig. scrupulous attention to detail

一波三折 一波三折 yi1 bo1 san1 zhe2
calligraphic flourish with many twists; fig. many twists and turns

一倡三叹 一倡三歎 yi1 chang4 san1 tan4
(of literature, music) deeply moving (idiom)

一唱三叹 一唱三嘆 yi1 chang4 san1 tan4
see 一倡三歎|一倡三叹

一而再,再而三 一而再,再而三 yi1 er2 zai4 - zai4 er2 san1
again and again

一哭二闹三上吊 一哭二鬧三上吊 yi1 ku1 er4 nao4 san1 shang4 diao4
to make a terrible scene (idiom); to throw a tantrum

伊洛瓦底三角洲 伊洛瓦底三角洲 yi1 luo4 wa3 di3 san1 jiao3 zhou1
Irrawaddy delta in south Myanmar (Burma)

一日不见,如隔三秋 一日不見,如隔三秋 yi1 ri4 bu4 jian4 - ru2 ge2 san1 qiu1
one day apart seems like three years (idiom)

一日三餐 一日三餐 yi1 ri4 san1 can1
to have three meals a day

一日三秋 一日三秋 yi1 ri4 san1 qiu1
a single day apart seems like three seasons (idiom)

一问三不知 一問三不知 yi1 wen4 san1 bu4 zhi1
lit. to reply "don't know" whatever the question (idiom); fig. absolutely no idea of what's going on; complete ignorance

约法三章 約法三章 yue1 fa3 san1 zhang1
to agree on three laws (idiom); three-point covenant; (fig.) preliminary agreement; basic rules

约翰三书 約翰三書 yue1 han4 san1 shu1
Third epistle of St John

再三 再三 zai4 san1
over and over again; again and again

再三再四 再三再四 zai4 san1 zai4 si4
repeatedly; over and over again

再衰三竭 再衰三竭 zai4 shuai1 san1 jie2
weakening and close to exhaustion (idiom); in terminal decline; on one's last legs

增三和弦 增三和弦 zeng1 san1 he2 xian2
augmented triad (musical chord)

张三 張三 zhang1 san1
John Doe; Zhang San, name for an unspecified person, first of a series of three: 張三|张三, 李四, 王五 Tom, Dick and Harry

张三,李四,王五,赵六 張三,李四,王五,趙六 zhang1 san1 - li3 si4 - wang2 wu3 - zhao4 liu4
four proverbial names; Tom, Dick and Harry

张三李四 張三李四 zhang1 san1 li3 si4
Zhang and Li (idiom); Zhang with tight trousers and Li with wide hat; Tom, Dick and Harry

朝三暮四 朝三暮四 zhao1 san1 mu4 si4
lit. say three in the morning but four in the evening (idiom); to change sth that is already settled upon; indecisive; to blow hot and cold

着三不着两 著三不著兩 zhao2 san1 bu4 zhao2 liang3
scatter-brained; thoughtless

浙江三门县 浙江三門縣 zhe4 jiang1 san1 men2 xian4
Sanmen County in Zhejiang

直角三角 直角三角 zhi2 jiao3 san1 jiao3
a right angled triangle

直角三角形 直角三角形 zhi2 jiao3 san1 jiao3 xing2
a right angled triangle

周三 週三 zhou1 san1
Wednesday

周三径一 周三徑一 zhou1 san1 jing4 yi1
circumference of a circle is proverbially three times its radius

珠江三角洲 珠江三角洲 zhu1 jiang1 san1 jiao3 zhou1
Pearl River Delta (PRD)

珠三角 珠三角 zhu1 san1 jiao3
Pearl River Delta

棕三趾鹑 棕三趾鶉 zong1 san1 zhi3 chun2
(bird species of China) barred buttonquail (Turnix suscitator)

总会三明治 總會三明治 zong3 hui4 san1 ming2 zhi4
club sandwich